Vitiligo disease is a common skin condition occurs due to the pigmentation (color) is missing on the skin. The missing colors in certain areas, often on the backs of the hands, face, and armpits. This skin disease is not deadly and can not be cured. But some of the color of the skin on the face and neck can back. Sometimes the disease is associated with other diseases, such as thyroid.
Vitiligo disease occurs in people of all racial groups and ethnic. This disease will be more clearly seen in dark-skinned people. Vitiligo can occur at any age, but half of the cases occur in people less than 20 years.
Symptoms of vitiligo disease
This change can’t be felt with fingers. Vitiligo is not painful or itchy. The size of vitiligo varies and can reach 1 inch. The areas that lose pigment will spread to wider areas with irregular shapes. Vitiligo often occurs on both sides of the body in about the same place. Sometimes the hair in that area will also be loss of pigment.
Chances are there signs and symptoms that are not mentioned above. If You have concerns about a particular symptom, please consult with Your doctor.
When should I see a doctor?
You should contact a doctor if skin, hair or eyes to change color. Vitiligo can not be cured, but therapy can prevent or slow down the process of change and restore the color.
If You have signs or symptoms above or other questions, please consult with Your doctor. The body of each person is different. Always consult to the doctor to handle Your health condition.
Causes of vitiligo disease
The cause is not known. Vitiligo is a result of the loss of cells in the skin called melanocytes that produce melanin, the pigment determining the color of the hair. Vitiligo is not cancer and is not contagious. This can be obtained from the family.
Risk factors for vitiligo disease
There are many risk factors for vitiligo, namely:
- genetic: vitiligo can be obtained from the family; people with a family history of vitiligo, or if gray hairs appear early are often at higher risk of vitiligo
- risk factors for autoimmune diseases, like Hashimoto’s thyroiditis autoimmune
Not having risk factors does not mean You can not be affected by this disease. These factors are just a reference only. You should be consulting with Your doctor for more detailed information.
Treatment of Vitiligo Disease
Therapy can be a combination of cosmetics, the cream which is prescribed, and therapy a special light.
Vitiligo mild does not require therapy. People with a vitiligo small can look normal with the cosmetic. White people can handle it by avoiding the sun, or using sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher and avoid direct sun light.
For the area of vitiligo which is very small, a steroid cream administered to the skin can help fix it. The best results are obtained 3-4 months. Steroid creams do not spread on the eyelids, underarms, or the fold area of the thigh.
Light therapy, or PUVA, consists of the application of the solutio of a drug called psoralen, followed by ultraviolet rays. Psoralen can also be in the form of pills. This therapy is best for the face, neck, torso, upper arms, and upper legs. Results can appear after a 25-50kali therapy depending on the area involved. The main side effects that burns like sunburn is severe and blisters.
What tests are commonly done for vitiligo disease
The doctor will examine the skin to make a diagnosis and take a sample of small skin (biopsy) for examination with a microscope. The doctor can advise to go to the skin doctor (dermatologist).
Treatment at Home for Vitiligo Disease
The following is a lifestyle and home treatments that can help You cope with vitiligo:
- use sunscreen with SPF 15 or more on areas of vitiligo
- contact Your doctor if new symptoms appear. Cure for vitiligo have side effects
- use hats, long-sleeved clothing, and trousers
- contact Your doctor if You experience redness or blisters weight during therapy
Remember that no method of repigmentation that can provide a cure permanent and total.
If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor for the best solution to Your problem.