Causes and symptoms of stroke with tips to prevent it. Stroke, or what is sometimes referred to as a brain attack, is a condition where blood stops flowing to the brain. In a few minutes, brain cells will die. There are two types of stroke, namely ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke.
Ischemic Stroke due to the many blood clots that create blood flow to the brain is hampered.Meanwhile, hemorrhagic stroke caused by a ruptured blood vessel and cause bleeding in the brain.
In America, stroke is the killer disease in the number 5 with the most casualties. Meanwhile, in 2013, the stroke reaches 300 thousand cases in Indonesia and become a major cause of death. Patients with stroke is increasing over the years.
The most frequent cases occur in Indonesia is the rupture of blood vessels in the brain due to blood pressure that is too high. In addition, stroke patients are generally new came to the hospital when the severity of the end of the level. As a result, handlers are more difficult and need inspection more comprehensive.
Causes and Symptoms of Stroke With Tips to Prevent It
Here we describe the causes and symptoms of stroke and tips to prevent it
The Cause Of The Stroke
Stroke can occur because of several things, including high blood pressure and smoking habits. These two things are risk factors that can still control. As for factors You can not control is age. Even so, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke mentions that 8 out of 10 cases of stroke can be prevented. For that, You should consult Your doctor about the risk factors and also Your medical history.
Although stroke can be prevented, there are some things that make a person have a higher risk of brain attack, which include:
A person with age more than 65 years have a higher risk for stroke. Even so, nearly a quarter of today’s teens also have been affected by this disease.
2. Family history
If You have close relatives with the disease a stroke, Your risk for stroke will be higher.
For example if You have a brother affected by the disease stroke, then the 64% You will also suffer from the same disease, in contrast to someone who does not have a family history of stroke.
3. Health history
If You have previously been diagnosed with a mild stroke, or heart attack, then Your risk for stroke will be higher.
A Stroke can also attack at a young age. A lifestyle that is irregular and not healthy to be the main reason a teenager can have a stroke.
4. Eating food is not healthy
The mushrooming of various fast food restaurants make teenagers prefer eating fast food to fill their stomach. In fact, fast food contains a wide variety of materials extra food that is not good for the body.
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In addition, fast food also generally contains salt and sugar and high in excess of that required of the body. The high salt and sugar can trigger other complications in a teenager, namely cause high blood pressure and also diabetes.
Teenagers in the times now consider smoking is a cool thing. In fact, in a cigarette there are a wide variety of toxins that harm the body. In addition to being one of the triggers of stroke, smoking habit, this will lead to organ damage of the lungs and can cause other complications.
6. Drinking alcohol
Consuming alcohol is illegal for teenagers under the age of 17 years. Even so, it doesn’t mean adolescents aged above 17 years old may consume alcohol. Alcohol consumption is allowed during still within reasonable limits, if addiction and eating excessive, it is going to weaken blood vessels and lead to other complications in the kidneys.
7. Lack of exercise
Adolescence is a period where cells are experiencing significant growth. However, exercising will help maximize the growth of the cells in the body.
Lack of exercise will cause a buildup of fat and also the muscles are rigid. The buildup of fats in excess can clog blood vessels and can cause strokes and various other illnesses such as heart disease.
The Type Of Stroke
There are two types of stroke, namely ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. The second type of stroke attacks the brain with different mechanisms.
1. Ischemic Stroke
Ischemic Stroke is type of stroke is most common. This Stroke occurs when the blood vessels that carry blood to the brain is hampered. Inhibition of these blood vessels caused by blood clots that migrate from other body organs.
For example, the fat that builds up in the arteries breaks down, flowing to the brain, causing blood clots. Sometimes, some of the clots formed in the heart when a person a person’s heart not able to pump blood normally.
As we age, arteries can be narrowed, which can then impede the flow of blood. In addition, this situation will be compounded if the person has the habit of smoking, have high blood pressure, obesity, having high cholesterol levels, diabetes, and also alcoholics.
2. Hemorrhagic Stroke
A hemorrhagic Stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain You are injured and bleed, which can then damage tissues in the brain. The main cause of hemorrhagic stroke is high blood pressure, which can lead to weakening of the arteries in the brain and makes the arteries more easily torn or broken.
Some of the things that cause a person to have high blood pressure is excess of weight or obesity, addiction to alcohol, have the habit of smoking, lack of exercise, and stress.
Symptoms Of A Stroke
Know the symptoms of stroke early is necessary, due to slow handling or examination can be fatal. The following symptoms:
Headache is one of the symptoms of a stroke. Based on various studies, the location of a headache can indicate the place of stroke. For example, if a stroke occurs on the veins in the neck that carry blood to the brain, then the headaches will be felt in the forehead. Meanwhile, if the stroke occurs in the system section of the spine that supplies blood to the back of the brain, then the headaches will happen in the back of the head.
In stroke patients, headaches can also arise as side effects of consumption of drugs given to control blood pressure. In addition, stress, depression or lack of sleep can also cause a person to experience headaches.
2. Numbness (paralysis)
Numbness (paralysis) is a condition in which one or several parts of the body can not be moved. It can occur in any part of the body and can be caused due to a variety of things. In general, this numbness occurs in the arms, hand fingers, or even the face.
One must be increasingly vigilant if he felt the numbness only on the portion of the body, for example the right part of the body while the left part can move normally. Symptoms numbness such as this is symptoms of a stroke are the most dominant and worth a watch. There are several things that be the cause of someone having masti sense, including the consumption of excess vitamin B-12, potassium, calcium, and sodium (salt).
Numbness can be a symptom of Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) or minor stroke. These symptoms will resemble the symptoms of a stroke. The difference with ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke is a TIA attack is a sudden and happened in such a short time.
3. Sufferer’s face looks down
In addition to numbness (paralysis), the person’s face will look more down than usual. You can ensure this by smiling in front of the mirror and observe Your smile. By doing so, You may be able to see the difference between the side of Your face with one another.
4. How to speak not clear
Someone with symptoms of a stroke can not speak smoothly. It is commonly referred to as aphasia, which is a situation where a person loses the ability to speak.
The cause of the aphasia is due to brain damage. Rupture of blood vessels causes the death of brain cells and also cause damage on the part of the brain that controls speech functions.
Some patients with stroke have symptoms of aphasia is accompanied by bevelled parts of the mouth to one side. In addition, the face of stroke patients will feel stiff and hard to move, that’s why stroke patients can’t speak clearly.
5. Lost balance
Numbness or paralysis that occurs on parts of the body the patient will cause the patient to lose balance. Missing this balance starts from small things, for example the inability of the hand in grasping a spoon or grasping light objects.
Someone with symptoms of a stroke are also mostly not able to walk on his own. They need help because they usually will feel their body more weight to one side thus forcing them to fall to the side.
6. Blurry vision
It is refers to a lack of ability of the eye to sharpen the shadows of objects he saw. Blurry vision can occur in one eye or both the eyes, depending on the cause.
Impaired vision common in a person suffering from a stroke in the right part of the brain. This is because the stroke on the person’s brain that interfere with the course of visual of the eye which then leads to blurry vision and vision ghosting (double).
Even so, the vision disorders can be treated by doing various kinds of therapy, for example therapy, optical therapy, eye movement (eye movement), or therapeutic visual restoration therapy, namely that stimulate the eye with light.
7. Loss of consciousness (fainting)
Loss of consciousness or fainting is the state that occurs due to lack of blood supply to the brain. This can happen if a person’s blood pressure is too low and the heart can’t pump blood normally to the brain. In addition, fainting may also be caused by stress, pain, changes in body position suddenly, dehydration, fatigue, or even the effects of drugs that are being consumed.
Someone who loses consciousness will perceive the view which suddenly darken, chills, very sleepy, and pale. The patient will feel nausea and heartbeat more quickly before they passed out.
Prevention Of Stroke
Although age and family health history increase Your risk of stroke, there are still many things You can do to prevent and lower Your risk of stroke. Based on Harvard Health Publications, here are 6 things You can do to prevent stroke.
1. Lowers blood pressure
High blood pressure is the biggest factor that makes a person has a higher risk of stroke, especially in Your family history with stroke. Start now, lower blood pressure into normal blood pressure (120/80).
Because normal blood pressure in every person is different, consult on Your doctor first to know how normal blood pressure for yourself.
Lowering blood pressure can be done by lowering the consumption of salt in Your food. In one day, do not consume more than 1,500 mg of salt (equivalent to half a teaspoon). Avoid eating junk food and foods high in cholesterol. You also need to add vegetables and fruit as much as 4 to 5 cups into Your menu and a serving of fish 2-3 times a week.
In addition to regulating Your food, You should also start to quit smoking and do mild exercise at least 30 minutes each day.
2. Lose weight
Obesity is the biggest factor that the main cause of a person stricken with a stroke. If You are overweight, then You should lose weight You at least until the body mass index numbers touch the numbers 25 or less. You can check it out here.
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From now on, limit Your food intake no more than 1,500 – 2,000 calories per day. Upgrade also Your sports and do activities that make Your body move, for example washing, invite Your pets for a walk, and so forth.
3. Sports more often
Sports is the need of every person. With exercise, You can lose weight and also lowers blood pressure. In addition, exercise will also lower stress levels and can lower Your risk of stroke.
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Do exercise at least 5 times per week with intensity per day at least 30 minutes. Take a walk in Your neighborhood every morning after breakfast. Start joining sports clubs and start using the stairs instead of the elevator.
In addition, try to go to the office to use the bike, in addition to healthy, You will be able to avoid traffic and can get more quickly to the office.
4. Pay attention to the rhythm of the heart (atrial fibrillation)
Atrial fibrillation is a condition where the heart palpitations are not uncommon which can then cause clots in the heart. Blood clots can move to the brain, which will then cause a stroke. If You feel the symptoms of atrial fibrillation, irritability consult it to Your doctor.
5. Pay attention to blood sugar levels
Blood sugar levels that are too high can damage the blood vessels, and will make the clots formed in blood vessels.
Start now, take control of Your sugar levels to the doctor. You should also start to do diet and exercise, as well as taking drugs are advised the doctor to keep Your blood sugar levels remain normal as has been recommended doctor.
6. Quit smoking
Smoking will accelerate the formation of blood clots. Smoking will cause the blood more viscous, thereby increasing the amount of plaque formed in the arteries. According to Dr. Rost, to quit smoking is one of the lifestyle changes that are most influential in lowering the risk of stroke.
If You are having trouble to stop smoking, consult this to Your doctor and ask for a solution. The doctor will probably give You some medicine that You have to consumption to be able to help You. The most important thing is You should not give up.
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Many people ignore stroke because according to them the symptoms that appear are still the usual, such as headaches. Dr. Rost stated that the community is active and not wait until the symptoms don’t usually appears new see.
The National Stroke Association has even coined the acronym to remind the community, which is FAST, which stands for Face, Arms, Speechand Time.
Prevention is better than cure. Prevent strokes since the early. If You are already in the age of the elderly, it is never too late to try. Even small steps are also useful to improve Your health.