Cause Ebola Virus Disease, The Characteristics And Symptoms

Cause ebola virus disease, the characteristics and symptoms. The ebola Virus is a deadly plague that spread through animals and humans. Scientists have discovered an Outbreak of the Ebola Virus in 1976 in Sudan and Republic of Congo. Scientists named the virus Ebola, taking the name of the river where the virus was first found.

Ebola Virus

Although the ebola virus has been found more than 35 years ago, the spread of the outbreak leading to a pandemic occurred in march 2014 in West Africa. The spread of this very deadly and spread more widely than the outbreaks previous. Now the plague is almost widespread, even in Indonesia there are 1 suspect of Ebola.

The Cause Ebola Virus Disease

Ebola Virus Disease

The Ebola Virus is a family of viral Filoviridae. Scientists also call it Filovirus. This type of Virus causes fever followed by bleeding inside and outside the body accompanied by very high fever. Ebola can then be differentiated into several subtypes of which are distinguished from the places where they are found. Name name here is an example

  • The Ebola Bundibugyo
  • Ebola Reston
  • The Ebola Sudan
  • Ebola Tai Forest
  • Ebola Zaire

The Ebola Virus comes from Fruit Bats of Africa. This Virus is known with the name of the Virus is Zoonotic because it is transmitted from animals to humans. Humans can also spread the virus to fellow human beings. Other animals that can be hosts of the Ebola virus are :


  • Chimpanzees
  • Antelope
  • Gorilla
  • Monkey
  • Hedgehog Porcupine

Because humans can only become infected from the animals mentioned above, the virus can be transmitted from animal blood or other body fluids. When people have been infected by the ebola virus, they pass it on to another person if that person is in contact with the patients through :

  • Breast MILK
  • The stool or feces
  • Saliva (saliva)
  • Sperm (according to the CDC, Ebola can live in semen for 3 months)
  • Sweat
  • Urine

Body fluids that can carry the Ebola Virus. people can catch ebola when they enter into contact with the liquids through eyes, nose, mouth, or injured skin. Health workers are the group most at risk with ebola because they usually work closely with blood and other body fluids.

Ebola can also spread through objects that are exposed to the object of that contract the virus, like syringes or interactions with the animals. Until this moment, Ebola is only known to be transmitted from mammals to humans. Insects such as mosquitoes are not included in the intermediary for the spread of ebola.

The Characteristics Ebola Patients

According to the CDC, the characteristics and symptoms of ebola sometimes it takes up to 3 weeks to look. Some of the symptoms of the ebola outbreak are :

Symptoms Of Ebola

  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Dizziness Of The Head
  • Muscle Pain
  • Abdominal Pain (Mules)
  • Bleeding and bruising without cause
  • Vomiting (either regular or blood)

If you feel affected, You should immediately seek medical help if a fever over 101.4 F and feel the symptoms as mentioned above.

Diagnosis Ebola Virus Disease

The initial symptoms of Ebola are very similar to symptoms of other diseases such as the Flu, Malaria or Typhoid. People who suffer from the disease Ebola should be immediately isolated to protect from a wider spread. Test a blood sample can identify the antibodies of the ebola virus when people feel the symptoms. Blood tests can also determine the levels of white blood cells, platet and enzymes of the liver.

If people have been cured of the ebola disease, they will make antibodies against the disease in their blood. Some of the blood tests, the doctor can also see the activity of the patient, whether they have gone to the place of the regional pandemic of ebola or has to interact with persons suspected of suffering from ebola?

The Treatment Of Patients With Ebola Disease Virus

Ebola virus disease there is no cure or vaccine at this time. Instead, treatment can only be done to stabilize the patient. Care support that can be done, among others :

  • Giving medications to maintain blood pressure
  • regulate the balance of electrolytes in the body
  • give you extra oxygen if necessary
  • give intravenous fluids intravenous to prevent dehydration
  • taking care of infections that occur as a side effect of the disease and also prevent infection advanced

Durability the body of each person is different in the face of the ebola disease. When a person can be healed without any complications, sometimes other people suffer from the side effects of this disease.

Prevent Ebola Disease

Each person can take preventive measures to protect themselves from Ebola. Such steps, among others

  • Avoid contact with blood or other body fluids
  • Read on and find information about the introduction of this disease, and how to prevent it
  • Practice good hygiene, including washing hands with soap, running water or with a sanitizer alcohol-based
  • Be careful when participating in the funerals of people who died of Ebola disease
  • Be careful when handling items that have been held by sufferers of Ebola, including clothes, bedding, needles and other medical equipment.

Health workers and laboratory technicians should act with extra caution. This includes isolating people who have contracted the ebola virus and wearing protective clothing, gloves, mask, eye protection when working with people infected with the ebola virus. The protocol handling stuff ebola patients should be implemented strictly to prevent further spread.

Cleaning crew should also use liquid bleach to clean the floor and surfaces where there has been contact with Ebola patients.

The Percentage Of Deaths Due To Ebola Disease

According to WHO data, the average value of the deaths due to the disease the ebola virus is 50%. However, some strains of the virus known to be more deadly than others. According to data from the Center for Public Health Canada, a strain of the ebola virus Zaire and Sudan have the death rate of patients up to 90%.

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